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ACMD publications (UK)

publications by Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs

  • Benzofurans: A review of the evidence of use and harm

    • 28 November 2013
    • ACMD
    • Policy paper
  • ACMD Second report of the recovery committee - November 2013

    • 28 November 2013
    • ACMD
    • Policy paper
  • NBOMe compounds: a review of the evidence of use and harm

    • 28 November 2013
    • ACMD
    • Policy paper
  • ACMD meeting minutes, 16 May 2013

    • 24 October 2013
    • ACMD
    • Transparency data
  • Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs recruitment campaign

    • 9 October 2013
    • Home Office and ACMD
    • Form
  • ACMD advice on the scheduling of GHB

    • 3 October 2013
    • ACMD
    • Correspondence
  • ACMD advice on the scheduling of khat

    • 3 October 2013
    • ACMD
    • Correspondence
  • Open meeting: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs

    • 1 October 2013
    • ACMD
    • Form
  • ACMD advice on lisdexamfetamine and z-drugs

    • 5 September 2013
    • ACMD
    • Correspondence
  • Ministerial letter to ACMD: advice on tramadol

  • ACMD minutes, 11 October 2012

    • 5 July 2013
    • ACMD
    • Transparency data
  • ACMD members' register of interests

    • 18 June 2013
    • ACMD
    • Corporate report
  • Temporary class drug order on benzofury and NBOMe compounds - letter from ACMD

  • ACMD open meeting registration form

    • 8 May 2013
    • Home Office and ACMD
    • Form
  • ACMD advice on Sativex

  • ACMD advice on tramadol

  • ACMD advice on independent prescribing of controlled drugs

  • Khat report 2013

  • ACMD further advice on foil, 2013

  • Home Secretary request for ACMD advice on foil (2012)

  • ACMD - Recovery from drug and alcohol dependence: an overview of the evidence (2012)

  • The Government's response to the ACMD's further advice on synthetic cannabinoids and advice on methoxetamine and related compounds as well as O-desmethyltramadol.

  • Advisory Council on the Misuse of drugs: Advice on O-desmethyltramadol (2012)

  • Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) Methoxetamine report, 2012

  • ACMD: further consideration of the synthetic cannabinoids

    • 18 October 2012
    • ACMD
    • Research and analysis
  • ACMD open meeting registration - October 2012

    • 19 September 2012
    • ACMD
    • Correspondence
  • Open meeting - September 2012

    • 29 August 2012
    • ACMD
    • Form
  • ACMD consideration of Naloxone: supplementary information, Wales 2012

    • 11 June 2012
    • ACMD
    • Guidance
  • Response to government priorities 2012

    • 3 May 2012
    • Home Office and ACMD
    • Guidance
  • Statement of evidence: methoxetamine

  • ACMD open meeting March 2012

  • ACMD letter on further advice on the classification of two steroidal substances

  • ACMD: consideration of the use of foil as an intervention, to reduce the harms of heroin and cocaine (December 2011)

  • Working Protocol between the Home Secretary and the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs

    • 15 November 2011
    • ACMD
    • Transparency data
  • ACMD anabolic steroids advice, 2011

  • Lord Henley's response to ACMD on D2PM

    • 14 November 2011
    • ACMD
    • Correspondence
  • Novel psychoactive substances report (2011)

  • Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs: open meeting - 31 October 2011

    • 18 October 2011
    • ACMD
    • Correspondence
  • ACMD annual report 2010 to 2011

  • ACMD response to proposed amendment to the Misuse of Drugs - Safe Custody - NI- Regulations 1973

  • Q&A

    A few questions the BBC asked us recently....

    What are your views on the government's current policy, especially with regards to the temporary banning orders?

    ChemsRUsThis law has been instigated to: "protect the public, especially young people, and target suppliers and manufacturers who subvert our laws and advertise harmful substances as ‘legal’ and ‘safe ’. (Police Reform and Social Responsibility Bill – Clause 152 / Schedule 17 – August 2011 ) Protecting the public against harm is very noble but what is being achieved by this law is the exact opposite. Neither are manufacturers who subvert laws being duped as most of the companies selling these "research chemicals" work and comply with the law fully.

    180Lets take a look at the latest ban on a drug labeled "Benzofury". The chemical name for one of the 3 specifically named types of Benzofury is 1-benzofuran-5-ylpropan-2- amine. It has been suggested that these type of drugs (APBs) were first developed as a non-neurotoxic alternative (or replacement) for MDMA (Ecstasy). The ACMD write in its report: "There have been several deaths and hospitalizations in the UK associated with [APBs], although poly-substance use often complicates the case." (Temporary class drug order report on 5-6APB and NBOMe compounds ACMD Homeoffice) Poly-substance use: When people combine a number of chemicals the risk of harm will drastically increase, that said, the APBs are relatively safe, especially when compared to the drug it tries to mimic: Ectasy. 6-APB has lower neurotoxicity (and perhaps no neurotoxicity) compared to MDA & MDMA, it is less likely, or even unlikely to lead to short and/or long term changes or impairments to memory, cognition, and emotion. In fact, a growing number of reports from reputable sources appears to be indicating that 6-APB may be properly considered an effective nootropic compound when taken responsibility, in reasonable amounts, on an occasional basis. Furthermore, a similarly increasing number of anecdotal reports appear to be suggesting that the benzofuran ring-substition used in the synthesis of 6-APB is dramatically reducing, or even virtually eliminating, the compulsion to re- dose. Therefore if ACMD have to shortlist certain chemicals to nominate for banning, there would be a whole array of better picks: Chemicals that are PROVEN to be a lot more harmful.

    You could argue that what this ban does is carrying water to the ocean, but the worst thing about it is that it will cause more harm to young people as a ban will not stop them using a chemical at a party or social event. Neither will it stop laboratories in China produce more legal novel compounds and companies in the west selling them.
    In the ACMD report there are mentioned 3 specific APB compounds in addition to "their N-methyl derivatives". Within a mere week of the ban, bright chemists and clever salesmen had worked their way around it by developing an APB compound which wasn't an N-methyl derivative , but an N-ethyl derivative . Thereby removing the "m" from methyl, creating a compound with similar effects, all while staying on the right side of the law. This compound called 5-EAPB has gone on sale now but whereas there is plenty of information to be found on the relatively safe 6-apb which since its launch had been tried and tested, there is NOTHING to be found on this new substance. We don't know if it is toxic, addictive, what the correct dosage is, how it effects differ from the newly banned compounds etc. etc. When you look at it bio-chemicaly, this particular compound seems just as safe as the ones that are banned but at the same time the ban resulted in yet another chemical being released which was given the fancy name "Serotoni" (4,4-DMAR). In a short space of time, this chemical has already claimed 2 lifes and 12 hospitalizations in the Ukraine. (police.hu/hirek-es-informaciok/legfrisse...m-ismeretlen-a-para-) Homeoffice explains the timing of putting this temporary ban in effect by stating "It will prevent disaster as the festival season in the UK is starting this month". With these new chemicals of which nothing is know having come on the market as a result of the ban and the formerly legal chemicals ending up in the black market at festivals, they couldn't have been more wrong and this years festival season will prove if this is the case.

    When a substance proves to be highly addictive, toxic, damaging to health and society then I think it would be a good idea to put an immediate ban in place in combination with educating people about its dangers and the facts. The APBs that got banned a few weeks ago didn't fall into this category and this ban will do a lot more harm to people's health than it will do good. One substance on the list of chemicals that got banned was 5-IT. This substance is indeed a dangerous one. 12 People died in Sweden after consuming it. As soon as this happened most of the online shops got rid of their stock and stopped selling it. People on internet forums spoke and educated each other about the dangers and use of it stopped almost instantly. No deaths occurred after that and no ban was needed either. There are bright chemical minds working at the ACMD and If government was more thorough than they could possibly have put a ban in place on 5-IT before (or even right after) those casualties. Government doesn't educate people about chemicals and how to take a responsible approach to them, and that's where chemsrus.com come in. A transparent platform that not only educates people about the real facts of these chemicals, it also puts pressure on those selling them to do so responsibly.

    2. When a ban comes in, what effect does it have on business and also buyers?


    -Businesses will put massive discounts on the stock they hold of the soon to be banned chemical. -Consumers will stock up on chemicals by ordering large amounts, some will possibly do so for the purpose of resale on the black market. -UK Businesses send their leftover soon to be banned stock of chemicals abroad to other companies in countries where no such ban is in place. Some companies will sell the banned chemicals to buyers in the UK, as it is the receiver's responsibility to be aware of the laws in their country. -UK companies will work together with chemists in labs in China to develop a chemical which isn't covered by the ban but which will have similar effects in users. Often NOTHING is known about this chemicals effect and dosage adding increased danger to consumers.

    3. How many people make use of the ChemsRUs research community? When did you start up and how has usage developed since then?

    Chemsrus.com have close to 1 MILLION visits yearly consisting of people looking for information about chemicals a and with a fair amount of members populating the forum and answering questions and numbers are growing. I like to think that the information the Chemsrus community provide has saved lives and will continue to do so. The people we get on the website are those who read up before taking the plunge and decide to use a chemical recreationaly. These are not people who go to a club and put an unknown pill in their mouths bought of a stranger. The chemsrus.com users are in the agegroup of 25-65 with the average age being aroumd 35 and generally well educated. We see a surge in visitors on chemsrus.com whenever a ban is about to come in place or a new chemical has been developed which leads to discussions about its properties and possible dangers.

    4. What SHOULD the government be doing when it comes to harm reduction for people who choose to ingest these substances?

    old bill

    Drug use is an issue for society, not the criminal justice system. No matter how many chemicals you ban or how many people you lock up or sanction, it will simply not go away or help us as a society. Government should force those companies vending chemicals to include the chemical name of the product they are selling and not allow vendors giving it a fancy names such as "Jolly Green Granules or "Brain Blast Powder" which consumers cannot use to gather information.

    Socially, government would achieve more by educating people about the dangers, pros and cons and other facts when it comes to RCs and motivate people to educate themselves by joining informative research chemical communities and actively participate in discussions about the subject.

    Click here to read more (About CRU)...

    The Team

     

    Joolsa (Scotland)

    Chemsrus member of the first hour. A genuine down to earth woman with a mind as sharp as a razor, a heart of gold and a broad interest and lust for life and laughter.

    Elfie (Canada)

    A Biology/Microbiology scientist with a passionate interest in progressive drug policy, Elfie acts as media spokesperson for Chemsrus.com

    BobJawkins (UK)

    A well spoken kind soul and humanist; probably the most articulate person on the internet today, with a very eclectic taste in music.

    B.B Ronifka (Netherlands)

    Tech guy from the Netherlands with a sound knowledge of research chemicals, web-related things and a profound love for lists. Ronifka is a part-time DJ.

    Girlypants (UK)

    A warm and social person who worked as a nurse for 18 years and specialized in terminal health comfort and welfare. A woman that will lend you her ear should you need it.

    Geeza (NL)

    Dutch, Norwegian, Professional train-wreck using his marketing skills to keep Chemsrus afloat and the information accessible. Loves his food, drink and music and animals.

    Our philosophy

     "Research Chemicals", a term for the legal drugs that were previously coined "designer drugs" are a product of legislation and in turn, a product of online vendors such as Motion Research, the company now charged with the deaths of young men.

    Unsound laws promote unsound people to run unscrupulous businesses. These are the same laws that make sure that there is no control over the products that these businesses sell as they are forced to label their product as "not for human consumption".

    Most of the new designer drugs are provided with very little information about dosage, route of administration, effects, etc. and this is where accidents and overdoses can and do happen. These legal substances are sold labelled as 'not for human consumption' so no information can be given regarding any of this at the point of sale. The Chemsrus.com website aims to provide a place where consumers can share their experiences and provide information and warnings to others in the name of harm reduction. If the site can save just one life then the mission can be regarded as accomplished.

    Not for human consumptionAll drugs have been legal at one point.
    Cocaine, Morphine and Heroin were for many years regarded as a cure for just about anything and they were freely available over the counter. When they turned illegal one by one, Morphine was used to combat Opium addiction, then Morphine was used to treat Heroin addiction and in turn the most addictive substance of them all "Methadone" is nowadays used as a legal substitute for those who want to kick their Heroin addiction. As long as there are people on the globe, drugs will be consumed by many. Sometimes legal, sometimes not, depending on time and place. Very little is done to actually keep people safe. Instead, measures are made to keep people on the right side of the law, with little regard for their health.

    What is happening after the turn of last century is that now, a more shady party has joined the game. The companies that use the law that turns people into offenders when consuming an illegal substance are using this same law for their own commercial benefits. Fair enough when no laws or lives are broken and an honest profit can be made, one would say. But sometimes these companies act with little to no regard for the well-being of the consumers of said products, much the same as government. Just with better profit margins and less expenses.

    The government however, does everything to accommodate this. Bills are being passed constantly to ban certain chemicals and it does little else than ruin people's lives and cost the tax payer money. Indian and Chinese chemists, funded by Western companies that sell these "research chemicals" are producing new legal compounds at twice the speed, staying well ahead of any new "analogue laws". These companies can freely sell their wares, as long as they label them "Not for human consumption". Even forums discussing the consumption of legal chemicals should not exist according to these laws.

    Legal doesn't mean unharmful. More often than not it means MORE dangerous because unlike illegal drugs, long term consequences of its use are unknown.
    You'd be in breach of law if you would sell household bleach for human consumption. Everybody knows that bleach isn't a very popular drink and you're unlikely to get offered a glass of it at a party unless you're in charge of cleaning the restroom. In the same regard, everybody also knows that these legal chemicals aren't used to "
    clean ponds" or used as "plant food" which they are marketed so as to cohere to the twisted laws invented to reduce harm upon our people.

    If you were to incarcerate everybody that has used an illegal substance, you would have to build a prison the size of the moon and there would be very few people left outside of that prison. Making substances illegal also involves moving it to the black market with the lurking consequences of
    violence, smuggling, murder, human trafficking, corruption, extortion, you name it.

    This all should have been crystal clear after learning the results from what happened in the bootleg era in the 30's when alcohol was outlawed the same way other chemicals are being banned at present time. But the way of tackling the situation continues to this day and looking at government's actions on fighting the consumption of drugs is a bit like watching Don Quijote at war with his windmills. Not a lot has changed. To stick with terms of 1930's prohibition, some people in the “Research Chemical” business are the Dick Tracey-like-villains of this day, having swapped their Tommy guns with Websites. All conveniently accommodated by laws and passing bills. Others on the other hand are just there to make an honest buck and take people's health in regard. For the consumer though, it still stays a gamble, and that's where Chemsrus.com comes in.

    If our government would really be serious about
    harm reduction and strives to prevent deaths of our children, we should either ban every intoxicating substance or we should regulate, tax it and educate the people about its dangers in a non-condescending way.

    Neither of this is happening and this is the reason why we have established Chemsrus.com; a platform that is open to discussing the chemicals people consume in order to stay on the right side of the law. Chemicals which are potentially putting them at danger if no free speech about it is allowed.

    We are living in an age where information can be easily accessible but if no information is tolerated and there are skewed laws in place which allow for no control other than putting a silly "not for human consumption" label on products, tragedies such as the one in the "Motion Research" case will continue to happen. What you have just read, barely scratched the surface of the importance of the subject, but it's as concise as it gets for now.

    Click here to read more (Q&A)...

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